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The Bichir, also known as the Senegal Bichir or Polypterus senegalus, is a captivating and ancient fish species that adds a prehistoric charm to any freshwater aquarium. Here are the key details about this remarkable fish:


Average Size: Typically grows to around 12-14 inches (30-35 cm) in length, with some species potentially reaching up to 24 inches (60 cm).



  • Features an elongated, cylindrical body with bony scales and a distinctive pair of pectoral fins that resemble limbs.
  • Exhibits a dark, mottled coloration ranging from shades of brown to olive green, providing excellent camouflage in their natural habitat.
  • Possesses a unique lung-like swim bladder that allows them to breathe air, making them capable of surviving in low-oxygen environments.


Temperament: Generally peaceful but predatory, best kept with tankmates of similar size and temperament. Avoid small fish or those with long fins that may be seen as prey.


Tank Size: Requires a large tank of at least 75 gallons for a single adult, with larger tanks needed for multiple specimens or larger species.


Care Level: Moderate. Hardy and adaptable, but requires pristine water conditions and a varied diet.


Diet: Carnivorous. Enjoys a diet of live or frozen foods such as bloodworms, earthworms, shrimp, and occasionally small fish.


Water Parameters:

  • pH: 6.5-7.5
  • Temperature: 75-82°F (24-28°C)
  • Hardness: 5-20 dGH


Origin: Native to the rivers and swamps of West and Central Africa.


Unique Traits: Possesses primitive characteristics, making them an intriguing addition to any aquarium. They are also known for their ability to survive out of water for short periods.



  • Provide a tank with plenty of hiding spots such as caves, driftwood, and plants.
  • Ensure a secure lid as they are known to jump.
  • Regular water changes and good filtration are essential for their well-being.


Disclaimer: "Please note that these are general guidelines, and for more accurate values or specific care requirements, we encourage you to contact Living Aquarium by phone or in person. Within store hours, our team of experts is always happy to answer any questions you may have and provide personalized guidance on care."


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